COSMOS

The Cosmos satellites were originally used in a Soviet military reconnaissance programme. The satellite flied in orbit near the Earth and carried two types of cameras: TK-350 and KVR-1000.High-resolution data were recorded on panchromatic film which was recovered after the end of each mission. Because of the limited supply of film and fuel, the duration of a satellite mission was limited to 45 days. The last satellite of this family was launched in September 2000.

altitude: 190-270 km
inclination: 70 degrees
service life: 1981-2000


TK-350 sensor
TK-350 is a stereo camera developed to gather accurate information about the elevation of the earth's surface, so the data can also be used to make topographical maps.

Mode
Band
Resolution
Panchromatic 0,49 - 0,59 µm 10 x 10 m


KVR-1000 sensor
Until the late 1990’s, KVR-1000 images offered the highest resolution available on the market. Among other things, the images are ideal for environmental and land-use applications.

Mode
Band
Resolution
Panchromatic 0,49 - 0,59 µm 2-3 m


Organization: Roscosmos


TK-350
Wadi Mujib, Jordan
© Sovinformsputnik


KVR-1000
Pyramids Gizeh
Courtesy of National Point of Contact