The creation and successive adhesions
of the UE
1957 : the basis of
the european construction is laid on 25 March 1957. Signing by
the six ECSC signatory countries of the Treaties of Rome , establishing
the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom) and the
European Economic Community (EEC).
1973 : First enlargement
of the Community with the adherence of Denmark, Ireland and the
United Kingdom; Europe of the Nine.
1981 : Greece joins the
EEC. Now spoken of as Europe of the Ten.
1986 : Birth of Europe of
the Twelve when Portugal and Spain join the Community. Ratification
of the Single European Act, revising the Treaty of Rome and relaunching
1995 : Birth of Europe of
the Fifteen with the adherence of Austria, Finland and Sweden.
Entry into force of the Schengen Agreement (elimination of passport
control at borders).
2004 : 2004 Integration
of Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Malta,
Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. EU achieves greatest enlargement
in its history and becomes, with its 25 members, the largest political
entity formed voluntarily.
2007 : Bulgaria and
Rumania should be integrated into the EU.