The Kayan Mentarang
area (Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia) is one of Indonesia's largest
(1.6 million hectares) and biologically richest protected areas.
Parts of the reserve are the traditional
homelands of several ethnic groups, who are sensitive to their natural
environment and have extensive knowledge of the forest resources.
The main conservation problems for the area are caused by conflicting
interests of different groups involved in using the protected area:
logging, forest clearance for commercial farming, protection of
biodiversity, conflicts over park boundaries and extraction of valuable
forest products by outsiders.
The project intends to help the forestry authorities and local communities
to set up a management system for the reserve, which includes the
creation of various management and buffer zones.